Project Managers' Guide to Performance Measurement and Evaluation


Performance measurement is the ongoing, regular collection of information for monitoring how a program, policy or strategy is doing. It is a systematic way of mapping the evidence of the progress you are making towards your expected results.

Evaluation is a specific, in-depth way to gather and analyze information and draw conclusions about the performance of a policy, program or strategy. Evaluations may also be focussed at the project level.

There are two broad types of evaluations:

  • “Formative” or “process” evaluations that are designed to improve the design and implementation of a program, policy or strategy as it unfolds, and
  • “Summative” or “outcome” evaluations that are designed to judge a program, policy or strategy’s relevance, success and/or cost-effectiveness (including its relative contribution to the intended outcomes).

For more information on the federal approach to performance measurement and evaluation, refer to Treasury Board of Canada’s Guide for the Development of Results-based Management and Accountability

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