Appendix C: Third-Party Costs - An Estimation of the Economic Impact of Spousal Violence in Canada, 2009

Appendix C: Third-Party Costs Footnote 78

C.1 Funeral Expenses

C.1.1 Funeral expenses

Total number of female deaths due to spousal violence 137Table note a
Total number of male deaths due to spousal violence 57Table note a
Number of victims whose gender is unknown 1Table note a
Average cost of funeral services in Canada, 2009 $7,432Table note b
Funeral expenses for female victims (137*$7,432) $1,018,184
Funeral expenses for male victims (57*$7,432) $423,624
Funeral expenses for one victim of unknown gender (1*$7,432) $7,432
Proportion attributed to female victims ($7,432*137/(137+57)) $5,248Table note c
Proportion attributed to male victims ($7,432*86/(134+86)) $2,184Table note c
Funeral expenses – spousal violence against females ($1,018,184+$5,248) $1,023,432
Funeral expenses – spousal violence against males ($423,624+$2,184) $425,808
Total Funeral Expenses $1,449,240

C.2 Loss of Affection and Enjoyment to Family Members

C.2.1 Loss of Affection and Enjoyment to Family Members

Number of female victims deceased due to spousal violence 137Table note a
Number of male victims deceased due to spousal violence 57Table note a
Number of victims deceased due to spousal violence whose gender is unknown 1Table note a
Number of parents of female victims (134*2) 274Table note b
Number of parents of male victims (86*2) 114Table note b
Number of parents of victims of unknown gender (1*2) 2Table note b
Number of children in couple families, 2009 7,638,710Table note c
Number of couple families, 2009 8,459,058Table note d
Number of children per couple family (with and without children) 0.903
Number of children of female victims (137*0.903) 124
Number of children of male victims (87*0.903) 51
Number of children of victims of unknown gender (1*0.903) 1
Average court award to parents ofdeceased for grief and loss of companionship $75,000Table note e
Average court award to children of deceased for grief and loss of companionship $45,000Table note e
Loss of affection to families of female victims (274*$75,000+124*$45,000) $26,130,000
Loss of affection to families of male victims (114*$75,000+51*$45,000) $10,845,000
Loss of affection to families of one victim of unknown gender (2*$75,000+1*$45,000) $195,000
Proportion attributed to female victims ($195,000*137/(137+57)) $137,706Table note f
Proportion attributed to male victims ($195,000*57/(137+57)) $57,294Table note f
Loss of affection and enjoyment to family members – spousal violence against females ($26,130,000+$137,706) $26,267,706
Loss of affection and enjoyment to family members – spousal violence against males ($10,845,000+$57,294) $10,902,294
Total Loss of Affection and Enjoyment to Family Members $37,170,000

C.3 Other Persons Harmed During the Incidents

C.3.1 Health Care

Number of other persons harmed during incidents of spousal violence – spousal violence against females 39,848Table note a
Number of other persons harmed during incidents of spousal violence – spousal violence against males 9,023Table note a
Percentage of other persons harmed requiring physician visit – spousal violence against females 2.04%Table note b
Percentage of other persons harmed requiring physician visit – spousal violence against males 0.44%Table note b
Average cost of one physician visit, 2009 $55Table note c
Physician visit costs for other persons harmed – spousal violence against females (39,848*2.04%*$55) $44,624
Physician visit costs for other persons harmed – spousal violence against males (9,023*0.44%*$55) $2,184
Percentage of other persons harmed requiring emergency department visit – spousal violence against females 5.54%Table note b
Percentage of other persons harmed requiring emergency department visit – spousal violence against males 2.11%Table note b
Average cost of one emergency department visit, 2009 $266Table note d
Emergency department visit costs for other persons harmed – spousal violence against females (39,848*5.54%*$266) $587,164
Emergency department visit costs for other persons harmed – spousal violence against males (9,023*2.11%*$266) $50,653
Percentage of other persons harmed transported by ambulance – spousal violence against females 60%Table note d
Percentage of other persons harmed transported by ambulance – spousal violence against males 50%Table note d
Average cost of ambulance service, 2009 $590Table note d
Ambulance costs for other persons harmed – spousal violence against females (39,848*5.54%*60%*$590) $781,413
Ambulance costs for other persons harmed – spousal violence against males (9,023*2.11%*50%*$590) $56,176
Health care costs to other persons harmed – spousal violence against females ($44,401+$587,164+$781,413) $1,413,201
Health care costs to other persons harmed – spousal violence against males ($2,173+$50,653+$56,176) $109,013
Total Costs to Other Persons Harmed, Health Care $1,522,214Table note e

C.3.2 Productivity Losses

Number of other persons harmed during incidents of spousal violence – spousal violence against females 39,848Table note a
Number of other persons harmed during incidents of spousal violence – spousal violence against males 9,023Table note a
Number of other persons harmed aged 15 and under – spousal violence against females 18,099Table note b
Number of other persons harmed aged 15 and under – spousal violence against males 3,068Table note b
Number of other persons harmed aged 15 and up – spousal violence against females (39,848-18,099) 21,749
Number of other persons harmed aged 15 and up – spousal violence against males (9,023-3,068) 5,955
Average number of days off from normal daily activity 3Table note c
Total number of days off from normal daily activity for other persons harmed – spousal violence against females (21,749*3) 65,247
Total number of days off from normal daily activity for other persons harmed – spousal violence against males (5,955*3) 17,863
Average hourly wage rate for household workers $15.6Table note d
Productivity losses to other persons harmed – spousal violence against females (65,247*$15.6) $7,633,943
Productivity losses to other persons harmed – spousal violence against males (17,863*$15.6) $2,089,963
Total Costs to Other Persons Harmed, Productivity Losses $9,723,906
Total Costs to Other Persons Harmed During the Incidents
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Health Care $1,413,201 $109,013 $1,522,214
Productivity Losses $7,633,943 $2,089,963 $9,723,906
Total Costs to Other Persons Harmed $9,047,144 $2,198,975 $11,246,120

C.4 Social Service Operating Costs

C.4.1 Shelters and Transition Homes

Total operating costs of all shelters in Canada, 2009/10 $402,000,000Table note a
Proportion of women in shelters seeking refuge because of spousal abuse 71%Table note b
Operating costs of shelters – spousal violence against females ($402,000,000*0.71) $285,420,000
Operating costs of shelters – spousal violence against males $0Table note c
Total Social Services Operating Costs, Shelters $285,420,000

C.4.2 Crisis Lines

Number of female victims contacting crisis lines 15,046Table note a
Number of male victims contacting crisis lines 229Table note a
Average hourly operating cost of crisis lines $20Table note b
Average call length in hours 0.4Table note c
Average number of calls made by each victim 5Table note d
Operating costs of crisis lines – spousal violence against females (15046*$20*0.4*5) $601,854
Operating costs of crisis lines – spousal violence against males (229*$20*0.4*5) $9,163
Total Social Services Operating Costs, Crisis Lines $611,017

C.4.3 Support Centres

Number of female victims visiting support centres 139,679Table note a
Number of male victims visiting support centres 127,617Table note a
Average hourly operating cost of support centres $30Table note b
Average number of visiting hours per victim 15Table note c
Operating costs of support centres – spousal violence against females (139,679*$30*15) $62,855,527
Operating costs of support centres – spousal violence against males (127,671*$30*15) $57,427,718
Total Social Services Operating Costs, Support Centres $120,283,245

C.4.4 Victim Services

Number of female victims using victim services 9,184Table note a
Number of male victims using victim services 264Table note a
Operating cost per victim service agency, 2007/08 $263,181Table note b
Operating cost per victim service agency, 2009 (inflation adjustment) $268,277
Total number of victim service agencies 879Table note c
Total annual operating costs for victim services, 2009 ($268,277*879) $235,815,202
Average number of victims assisted per agency 592Table note d
Total number of victims assisted by victim service agencies (592*879) 520,368
Operating cost of victims service agencies per victim ($235,815,202/520,368) $453
Operating costs of victim services – spousal violence against females ($453*9,184) $4,161,954
Operating costs of victim services – spousal violence against males ($453*264) $119,583
Total Social Services Operating Costs, Victim Services $4,281,537
Total Social Service Operating Costs
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Shelters and ransition Homes $285,420,000 $0 $285,420,000
Crisis Lines $601,854 $9,163 $611,017
Support Centers $62,855,527 $57,427,718 $120,283,245
Victim Services $4,161,954 $119,583 $4,281,537
Total Social Service Operating Costs $353,039,335 $57,556,464 $410,595,799

C.5 Losses to Employers

C.5.1 Lost Output

Lost wages to female victims due to physical injuries $20,943,599Table note a
Lost wages to male victims due to physical injuries $12,728,087Table note a
Lost wages (absence) to female victims due to mental health issues $98,178,631Table note b
Lost wages (absence) to male victims due to mental health issues $21,434,414Table note b
Total lost wages to female victims ($20,943,599+$98,178,631) $119,122,230
Total lost wages to male victims ($12,728,087+$21,434,414) $21,434,414
Marginal rate of return 5.2%Table note c
Lost output to employers – spousal violence against females ($119,122,230*5.2%) $6,194,356
Lost output to employers – spousal violence against males ($21,434,414*5.2%) $1,776,450
Total Losses to Employers, Lost Output $7,970,806

C.5.2 Tardiness and Distraction

Reeves and O'Leary-Kelly (2007) Table note a
Victims
Annual losses to employers (tardiness and distraction), female victims $4,112
Annual losses to employers (tardiness and distraction), male victims $4,989
Average annual income of female victim respondents $33,426
Average annual income of the male victim respondents $48,749
Percentage of income lost to tardiness and distraction, female victims ($4,112/$33,426) 12.3%
Percentage of income lost to tardiness and distraction, male victims ($4,989/$48,749) 10.2%
Non-victims
Annual losses to employers (tardiness and distraction), females $3,412
Annual losses to employers (tardiness and distraction), males $5,300
Average annual income of female respondents $40,481
Average annual income of the male respondents $66,277
Percentage of income lost to tardiness and distraction, females ($3,412/$40,481) 8.4%
Percentage of income lost to tardiness and distraction, males ($5,300/$66,277) 8.0%
Difference
Difference in percentage of lost productivity between victims and non victims, females (12.3%-8.4%) 3.9%
Difference in percentage of lost productivity between victims and non victims, females (10.2%-8.0%) 2.2%
Average annual income of female victims of spousal violence ( GSS), 2009 $42,645 Table note b
Average annual income of male victims of spousal violence ( GSS), 2009 $67,416 Table note b
Annual losses to employers due to spousal violence, female victims ($42,645*3.9%) $1,652
Annual losses to employers due to spousal violence, male victims ($67,416*2.2%) $1,508
Monthly losses to employers due to spousal violence, female victims ($1,652/12) $137.64
Monthly losses to employers due to spousal violence, male victims ($1,508/12) $125.69
Number of employed female victims affected by the violence (1 incident) 34,520 Table note c
Number of employed female victims affected by the violence (2 incidents) 18,724 Table note c
Number of employed female victims affected by the violence (3+ incidents) 42,324 Table note c
Number of employed male victims affected by the violence (1 incident) 28,181 Table note c
Number of employed male victims affected by the violence (2 incidents) 16,515 Table note c
Number of employed male victims affected by the violence (3+ incidents) 21,202 Table note c
Tardiness and distraction – spousal violence against females ($137.64*34,520+$137.64*18,724*2+$137.64*42,324*6) $44,858,528 Table note d
Tardiness and distraction – spousal violence against males ($125.69*28,181+$125.69*16,515*2+$125.69*21,202*6) $23,682,887 Table note d
Total Losses to Employers, Tardiness and Distraction $68,541,415

C.5.3 Administration Costs

Number of days absent from work, female victims, ex-spousal violence 119,326Table note a
Number of days absent from work, female victims, current spousal violence 25,820Table note a
Number of days absent from work, male victims, ex-spousal violence 30,929Table note a
Number of days absent from work, male victims, current spousal violence 14,614Table note a
Total number of days absent from work, female victims (119,326+25,820) 145,147
Total number of days absent from work, male victims (30,929+14,614) 45,543
Average hourly wage rate of managers $37Table note b
Average hourly wage rate of administrators $22Table note b
Combined hours spent on administration and rearranging tasks 0.25Table note c
Administration costs for work absences – spousal violence against females ($37*0.25/2+$22*0.25/2)*145,147 $1,070,459
Administration costs for work absence – spousal violence against males ($37*0.25/2+$22*0.25/2)*45,543 $335,880
Total Losses to Employers, Administration for Work Absences $1,406,339

Total Losses to Employers
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Lost Output $6,194,356 $1,776,450 $7,970,806
Tardiness and Distraction $44,858,528 $23,682,887 $68,541,415
Administration Costs $1,070,459 $335,880 $1,406,339
Total Losses to Employers $52,123,343 $25,795,217 $77,918,560

C.6 Negative Impact on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence

Initial Analysis
Number of households with children exposed to spousal violence – spousal violence against females 61,636Table note a
Number of households with children exposed to spousal violence – spousal violence against males 32,996Table note a
Number of couple families with children 4,164,150Table note b
Number of children in couple families with children 7,638,710Table note b
Number of children per couple family with children (7,638,710/4,164,150) 1.83
Number of children exposed to spousal violence – spousal violence against females (61,636*1.83) 113,064
Number of children exposed to spousal violence – spousal violence against males (32,996*1.83) 60,527
Percentage of children exposed to spousal violence developing hyperactivity 3.06%Table note c
Number of children exposed to spousal violence developing hyperactivity – spousal violence against females (113,064*3.06%) 3,460
Number of children exposed to spousal violence developing hyperactivity – spousal violence against males (60,527*3.06%) 1,852
Percentage of children exposed to spousal violence developing a mental health issue (emotional disorder) 1.86%Table note c
Number of children exposed to spousal violence developing a mental health issue – spousal violence against females (113,064*1.86%) 2,103
Number of children exposed to spousal violence developing a mental health issue – spousal violence against males (60,527*1.86%) 1,126
Percentage of children exposed to spousal violence developing physical aggression 22.24%Table note c
Number of children exposed to spousal violence developing physical aggression – spousal violence against females (113,064*22.24%) 25,145
Number of children exposed to spousal violence developing physical aggression – spousal violence against males (60,527*22.24%) 13,461
Percentage of children exposed to spousal violence committing delinquent acts against property 12.01%Table note c
Number of children exposed to spousal violence committing delinquent acts against property – spousal violence against females (113,064*12.01%) 13,579
Number of children exposed to spousal violence committing delinquent acts against property – spousal violence against males (60,527*12.01%) 7,269
Average number of years of exposure to spousal violence 7d

Table C.1: Number of Children Exposed to Spousal Violence by Type of Negative impact and Gender of Primary Victim
Gender of the primary victim Hyperactivity Mental Health Issue (Emotional Disorder) Physical Aggression Delinquent Acts against Property
F 3,460 2,103 25,145 13,579
M 1,852 1,126 13,461 7,269

C.6.1 Medical Costs

Hyperactivity
Percentage of hyperactive children receiving medication to control symptoms 74% Table note a
Number of children who receive medication for hyperactivity due to exposure to spousal violence against females (3,460*74%) 2,560
Number of children who receive medication for hyperactivity due to exposure to spousal violence against males (1,852*74%) 1,371
Monthly cost of medication treatment for hyperactivity $30 Table note b
Average number of months on medication 60 Table note c
Medical costs for hyperactivity – spousal violence against females (2,560*$30*60) $4,608,401
Medical costs for hyperactivity – spousal violence against males (1,371*$30*60) $2,467,040
Mental Health Issues
Incremental percentage of children exposed to spousal violence visiting mental health specialists 8.1% Table note d
Number of children receiving medical treatment for mental health issues due to exposure to spousal violence against females (2,103*8.1%) 170
Number of children receiving medical treatment for mental health issues due to exposure to spousal violence against males (1,126*8.1%) 91
Average mental health treatment cost per child per year, 2009 $2,731 Table note e
Average number of years of mental health treatment 1.25 Table note f
Medical costs for mental health issues – spousal violence against females (170*$2,731*1.25) $581,506
Medical costs for mental health issues – spousal violence against males (91*$2,731*1.25) $311,300
Medical costs for children – spousal violence against females [($4,608,401+$581,506))/7] $741,415
Medical costs for children – spousal violence against males [($2,467,040+$311,300))/7] $396,906
Total Negative Impacts on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence, Medical Costs $1,138,321

C.6.2 Missed School Days

Hyperactivity
Number of children receiving medication for hyperactivity due to exposure to spousal violence against females 2,560 Table note a
Number of children receiving medication for hyperactivity due to exposure to spousal violence against males 1,371 Table note a
Number of children with hyperactivity not receiving medication – spousal violence against females (3,460-2,560) 900 Table note a
Number of children with hyperactivity not receiving medication – spousal violence against males (1,852-1,371) 482 Table note a
Percentage of hyperactive children on medication who miss full day doses twice per month 26% Table note b
Percentage of hyperactive children on medication who miss half day doses twice per month 22% Table note b
Number of children missing full day doses twice per month – spousal violence against females (2,560*26%) 666
Number of children missing full day doses twice per month – spousal violence against males (1,371*26%) 356
Number of children missing half day doses twice per month – spousal violence against females (2,560*22%) 563
Number of children missing half day doses twice per month – spousal violence against males (1,371*22%) 302
Number of missed school days per month,
Hyperactive children without medication 1 Table note b
Hyperactive children with medication who miss full day doses 2 Table note b
Hyperactive children with medication who miss half day doses 1 Table note b
Number of missed school days for hyperactive children – spousal violence against females ((900*1*9*5)+(666*2*9*5)+(563*1*9*5)) 125,735c
Number of missed school days for hyperactive children – spousal violence against males ((482*1*9*5)+(356*2*9*5)+(302*1*9*5)) 67,310 Table note c
Physical Aggression – Suspension
Suspension rate for children with physical aggression 11.17% Table note d
Number of children exposed to spousal violence suspended for physical aggression – spousal violence against females (25,145*11.17%) 2,808
Number of children exposed to spousal violence suspended for physical aggression – spousal violence against males (13,461*11.17%) 1,503
Average suspension length in days 10 Table note e
Number of missed school days for children due to suspension – spousal violence against females (2,808*10) 28,080
Number of missed school days for children due to suspension – spousal violence against males (1,503*10) 15,030
Physical Aggression – Expulsion
Expulsion rate for children with physical aggression 0.17% Table note d
Number of children exposed to spousal violence expelled for physical aggression – spousal violence against females (25,145*0.17%) 43
Number of children exposed to spousal violence expelled for physical aggression – spousal violence against males (13,461*0.17%) 23
Average expulsion length in days 90 Table note e
Number of missed school days for children due to expulsion – spousal violence against females (43*90) 3,870
Number of missed school days for children due to expulsion – spousal violence against males (23*90) 2,070
Total number of missed school days for children exposed to spousal violence against females (125,735+8,080+3,870) 157,685
Total number of missed school days for children exposed to spousal violence against males (67,310+15,030+2,070) 84,410
Cost of education per child per day $40 Table note f
Costs of missed school days for children – spousal violence against females [(157,685*$40)/7] $901,057
Costs of missed school days for children – spousal violence against males [(84,410*$40)/7] $482,343
Total Negative Impact on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence, Missed School Days $1,383,400

C.6.3 Lost Future Income

Hyperactivity
Percentage of childhood hyperactivity persisting into adulthood 50% Table note a
Number of children who will experience adult ADHD due to exposure to spousal violence against females as a child (3,460*50%) 1,730
Number of children who will experience adult ADHD due to exposure to spousal violence against males as a child (1,852*50%) 926
Mental Health Issues
Percentage of childhood mental health issues continuing into adulthood when not treated 25% Table note b
Percentage of childhood mental health issues continuing into adulthood when treated 10% Table note c
Number of children whose mental health issues will persist into adulthood – spousal violence against females (170*10%+(2,103-170)*25%) 500
Number of children whose mental health issues will persist into adulthood – spousal violence against males (91*10%+(1,126-91)*25%) 268
Percentage of mental health issues that are defined as serious 13.2% Table note d
Number of children who will have serious mental health issues in adulthood – spousal violence against females (500*13.2%) 66
Number of children who will have serious mental health issues in adulthood – spousal violence against males (268*13.2%) 35
Physical Aggression – School Dropout
School dropout rate for physically aggressive children 15% Table note e
Number of aggressive children exposed to spousal violence dropping out of school – spousal violence against females (25,145*15%) 3,772
Number of aggressive children exposed to spousal violence dropping out of school – spousal violence against males (13,461*15%) 2,019
Average annual reduced earnings due to hyperactivity, 2009 $12,214 Table note f
Average annual reduced earnings due to serious mental health issues, 2009 $13,564 Table note d
Average annual reduced earnings due to school dropout, 2009 $6,558 Table note g
If all numbers of children counted under each problem are used in the estimate of lost income, there is the possibility of double or multiple counting as one child may develop more than one problem; though one child may have multiple problems and may lose lifetime income due to each problem, there is a limit to how much lifetime income one child can lose. Therefore, if one person has two problems (for example, both hyperactivity and a serious mental health issue), the person is assumed to only have the problem with the higher value of expected lost income (in this example, the serious mental health issue). As serious mental health issue is associated with the highest expected lost income, all people with a serious mental health issue are assumed as having this problem only. Therefore, as long as a person has a serious mental health issue, it is assumed that he or she will lose $13,564 a year, regardless of other problems. The next greatest expected income loss is for hyperactivity ($12,214), followed by school dropout due to physical aggression ($6,558).
Number of children having a serious mental health issue in adulthood, regardless of other problems,
Due to exposure to spousal violence against females 66
Due to exposure to spousal violence against males 35
Percentage of children with mental health issues also having hyperactivity (regardless of physical aggression) 50.16% Table note h
Number of children exposed to spousal violence having both a mental health issue and hyperactivity in adulthood – spousal violence against females (66*50.16%) 33
Number of children exposed to spousal violence having both a mental health issue and hyperactivity in adulthood – spousal violence against males (35*50.16%) 18
Number of children having hyperactivity but not a mental health issue in adulthood (regardless of school dropout),
Due to exposure to spousal violence against females (1,730-33) 1,697
Due to exposure to spousal violence against males (926-18) 908
Percentage of children having a mental health issue, hyperactivity, or both, and also dropping out of school 41.45% Table note h
Number of children having a mental health issue, hyperactivity, or both, and also dropping out of school – spousal violence against females ((66+1,697)*41.45%) 731
Number of children having a mental health issue, hyperactivity, or both, and also dropping out of school – spousal violence against males ((35+908)*41.45%) 391
Number of children, with neither a mental health issue nor hyperactivity, dropping out of school,
Due to exposure to spousal violence against females (3,772-731) 3,041
Due to exposure to spousal violence against males (2,019-391) 1,628
Average number of years for employment 25 Table note i
Lost future income for people having a serious mental health issue,
Due to exposure to spousal violence against females ($13,564*66*25) $22,380,600
Due to exposure to spousal violence against males ($13,564*35*25) $11,868,500
Lost future income for people having hyperactivity (no mental health issue),
Due to exposure to spousal violence against females ($12,214*1,697*25) $518,178,950
Due to exposure to spousal violence against males ($12,214*908*25) $277,257,800
Lost future income for people dropping out of school (no mental health issue or hyperactivity),
Due to exposure to spousal violence against females ($6,558*3,041*25) $498,571,950
Due to exposure to spousal violence against males ($6,558*1,628*25) $266,910,600
Lost future income of children – spousal violence against females [($22,380,600+$518,178,950+$498,571,950)/7] $148,447,357
Lost future income of children – spousal violence against males [($11,868,500+$277,257,800+$266,910,600)/7] $79,433,843
Total Negative Impact on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence, Lost Future Income $227,881,200

C.6.4 Delinquent Acts against Property

Proportion of property crimes involving damaged property 93%Table note a
Proportion of property crimes involving stolen property/cash 98%Table note b
Number of property crimes involving damaged property, committed by children exposed to spousal violence against females (13,579*93%) 12,631
Number of property crimes involving damaged property, committed by children exposed to spousal violence against males (7,269*93%) 6,762
Number of property crimes involving stolen property/cash, committed by children exposed to spousal violence against females (13,579*98%) 13,333
Number of property crimes involving stolen property/cash, committed by children exposed to spousal violence against males (7,269*98%) 7,137
Average value of damaged property per incident of property crime $860Table note a
Average value of property/cash stolen per incident of property crime $840Table note b
Value of delinquent acts against property by children – spousal violence against females [(12,631*$860+13,333*$840)/7] $3,151,769
Value of delinquent acts against property by children – spousal violence against males [(6,762*$860+7,137*$840)/7] $1,687,200
Total Negative Impact on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence, Delinquent Acts against Property $4,838,969
Total Negative Impact on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Medical Costs $741,415 $396,906 $1,138,321
Missed School Days $901,057 $482,343 $1,383,400
Lost Future Income $148,447,357 $79,433,843 $227,881,200
Delinquent Acts Against Property  $3,151,769 $1,687,200 $4,838,969
Total Negative Impact on Children Exposed to Spousal Violence $153,241,598 $82,000,292 $235,241,890

C.7 Other Government Expenditures

C.7.1 Other Federal Expenditures

Federal expenditures – spousal violence against females $7,620,897Table note a
Federal expenditures – spousal violence against males $1,409,790Table note a
Total Other Government Expenditures, Federal $9,030,687

C.7.2 Other Provincial and Territorial Expenditures

Provincial and territorial expenditures – spousal violence against females $88,649,352Table note a
Provincial and territorial expenditures – spousal violence against males $18,579,961Table note a
Total Other Government Expenditures, Provincial and Territorial $107,229,313
Total Other Government Expenditures
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Other Federal Expenditures  $7,620,897 $1,409,790 $9,030,687
Other Provincial and Territorial Expenditures $88,649,352 $18,579,961 $107,229,313
Total Other Government Expenditures $96,270,249 $19,989,751 $116,260,000
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