A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 1 - Introduction (continued)

1.3 Self-Reported Data

The primary focus of this study was the three initial Snapshot questions. To facilitate collecting this information, Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day indicated to facility staff where they spent the longest period of time during the two years preceding their current admission, where they committed or allegedly committed their offence and where they plan to relocate upon release. For each of these questions, the youth provided the name of the place, the province and "location type" - i.e., whether it was considered an Aboriginal reserve, Inuit community, town, city or "other" type of community.

Information regarding name of place and location type was cross-referenced with Statistics Canada census information. The description of each community in the study was compared with descriptions of the same communities in the census. Through this process, it was determined that most Aboriginal youth (98%) in the Snapshot used similar location descriptions as Statistics Canada (e.g. both the youth and Statistics Canada similarly described the location as a town, city or reserve). [1]

[1] Comparisons between respondents' answers and Census information occurred at the city, town and reserve level. However, in some instances we had to make 'approximate' comparisons (e.g. if a respondent indicated 'town' and the Census information stated 'village", then the answers were considered 'comparable').

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