A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 4 - Quebec (continued)

4.2 Results

In Quebec , there were 20 Aboriginal youth in custody (open, secure or remand) on Snapshot Day. Among the provinces/territories, Quebec accounted for 2% of the total number of Aboriginal youth in custody across Canada on Snapshot day.

Statistics Canada census data (1996) reveals there are 7,350 Aboriginal youth between 12-17 years of age living in Quebec . The Aboriginal youth in the Quebec Snapshot represent less than 1% of this total population.

The total operational capacity (the number of permanent youth beds in each facility) of the Quebec facilities was 784. Quebec accounted for 14% of the total operational capacity of the Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=5,797). Aboriginal youth from the Quebec Snapshot occupied 3% of the total number of beds in the participating facilities within that province. [1] (Nationally, Aboriginal youth included in the Snapshot occupied 20% of the total number of beds within the participating facilities.)

The custodial facilities in this study varied with respect to types of custody provided (e.g. secure, open, or remand), description (e.g. group home, treatment centre, and boot camp) and whether they housed male and/or female youth. In Quebec , 75% of the youth were in secure custody, followed by remand (30%). [2] Of the 20 youth included in the Quebec Snapshot, 5% were serving a combination sentence (e.g. secure and remand, open and remand, or open and secure). Of the remaining youth, the largest proportion (74%) was serving secure only, while 26% were serving remand only.

Figure 4.1 describes the type of facilities in which Aboriginal youth were registered on Snapshot day. The most common description of facilities was group home (53%), followed by other - such as readaptation or rehabilitation centre (27%).

Figure 4.1 Facility Type

Figure 4.1 - Facility Type

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

The largest proportion of facilities was considered male only (62%), followed by co-ed/male and female (31%).

  • [1] We were unable to calculate the total number of permanent beds in each jurisdiction because facilities without Aboriginal youth on snapshot day did not participate in the study.

  • [2] Total equals more than 100% because some youth were serving more than one sentence (e.g. secure custody and remand).

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