Borders Conference - Rethinking the Line: The Canada-U.S. Border / Child Pornography on the Internet Session
Appendix II: Presentation Materials – Andrew Oosterbaan
Internet Crimes Against Children
Andrew G. Oosterbaan, Deputy Chief
Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section
U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
CHILD EXPLOITATION SECTION
- Litigation and litigation support for child pornography prosecutions
- Training of law enforcement and prosecutors
- Legislative review of proposed statutes
- Development of policy
Growth of Federal Child Pornography Cases
Four years of data related to the child pornography matters presented between the years of 1995 and 1998 appear in a graph. The number of matters presented in the fours years were in 1995: 571, in 1996: 612, in 1997: 734 and in 1998 835.
- Sponsored by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
- Total Reports received on CyberTipline (7/1/98 – 10/01/00) = 27,821
- Child Pornography = 22,638
- Online Enticement of Children for Sexual Acts = 3,012
Map of World Wide Internet Usage
The map presents a visual representation of international connectivity (version 16 – June 15, 1997). The map indicates almost global internet usage with only 15 countries found mostly in Africa showing no connectivity and fewer than 15 others showing only email (UUCP, Fidonet).
This depiction is copyrighted by Larry Landweber and the Internet Society (1997) with unlimited permission to copy or use granted subject to inclusion of this copyright notice.
WHY THE EXPLOSION OF THESE INTERNET CRIMES?
- Immediate Satisfaction
Emerging Technology Creates Significant Challenges
- Can Law Enforcement keep pace?
- Will legislation keep pace?
- Will prosecutors keep pace?
- Will society allow it?
- ISP retention periods
- Remote storage
- Anonymous E-mail
- Web-based E-mail
- DSL/Cable Connections
- Explosion of Internet offenders
- Court Decisions
- New Mail – 28-30 days
- Deleted Mail – 2 days (Aol 5.0 only)
- Read Mail – 2 days
- Member IP addressing – 90 days
- Proxy Server IP Addresses – 7 days
- Is it breakable?
- Use is spreading
Anonymous E-Mail / Web-based
- Freedom 1.0
- Always on
- Cable laws are different
- Interstate Commerce in Federal Court
- Proof of Victim's Identity
- Proof of Victim's Age
- State v. Federal: A difficult dichotomy
Meeting the Challenges
- Staying abreast of technology
- Developing software tools
- Integrating technology with traditional methods of law enforcement
- Keep legislation current
- MUTUAL ASSISTANCE & COOPERATION AMONG COUNTRIES
US Investigative Agencies
- US Postal Inspection Service
Innocent Images Operation
- US Customs Service
- Customs Cybersmuggling Center , Fairfax, VA
- Field offices around the US
International Working Groups
- Critical need for nations to realize (1) the international nature of many online offenses against children and (2) the need for international cooperation to effectively combat these crimes
- CEOS has created relationships with Interpol member nations and agencies participating in the global effort against online offenses that victimize children
- Interpol Specialist Group on Crimes Against Children
Subgroup on Computer Technology
- Group of Eight Industrialized Nations
Vienna Commitment against Child Pornography on the Internet
- Issued October 1, 1999 at the Combating Child Pornography on the Internet conference in Vienna, Austria
- Broad range of participating nations and organizations
- Formulated Best Practices and Recommendations
- Date modified: