Helpful Links

Common Law and Civil Law

Common Law and Civil Law - An explanation concerning the two legal traditions from which Canada draws its legal system: English common law and French civil law (Quebec).

Legal Jurisdictions

The authority to make laws in Canada is divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial and territorial governments. The federal government deals with matters that affect all of Canada, such as criminal law, trade between provinces, telecommunications, immigration (with the exception of Quebec), extradition, and fisheries. The provinces and territories make laws in such areas as education, property and health services.

Provincial and Territorial Departments of Justice/Attorney General

Canada’s Courts

Federal Courts

Provincial Courts

Administrative Tribunals

Federal and provincial agencies that exercise some form of quasi-judicial decision making. Mandates and responsibilities include human rights and freedoms, economic regulatory matters, socioeconomic matters and appeals.

Justice Statistics

Public Legal Education and Information

These organizations provide citizens with legal information to make informed decisions and participate effectively in the justice system. These organizations do not give "legal advice"; they provide information or referrals about various aspects of the law; for example, new legislation; child support guidelines; rights of victims; family violence; or youth justice.

Law Organizations

Law Enforcement

Public Safety Canada - works in close collaboration with federal, provincial, territorial and international law enforcement and border security agencies to develop appropriate national policies for new and evolving crime and border issues. Its portfolio includes:

Provincial Police

Canadian Police Associations

Lawyer Referral Services

Law Society of Alberta
British Columbia
Canadian Bar Association - British Columbia
Community Legal Education Association (Law Phone-In and Lawyer Referral Service)
New Brunswick
New Brunswick does not have a lawyer referral service. To find a lawyer in New Brunswick, please look under "lawyers" in the yellow pages of your telephone book.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Public Legal Information Association of Newfoundland
Northwest Territories
Law Society of the Northwest Territories
Nova Scotia
Public Legal Education Society of Nova Scotia
Law Society of Nunavut
Law Society of Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Community Legal Information Association
Barreau du Québec
Saskatchewan does not have a lawyer referral service. To find a lawyer in Saskatchewan, please look under "lawyers" in the yellow pages of your telephone book
Law Society of Yukon